How chronic anthropogenic noise can affect wildlife communities

Kok, A. C. M. et al. (2023) How chronic anthropogenic noise can affect wildlife communities. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 1130075. (doi: 10.3389/fevo.2023.1130075)

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Anthropogenic noise is a major pollutant in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Since the industrial revolution, human activities have become increasingly noisy, leading to both acute and chronic disturbance of a wide variety of animals. Chronic noise exposure can affect animals over their lifespan, leading to changes in species interactions and likely altering communities. However, the community-level impacts of chronic noise are not well-understood, which impairs our ability for effective mitigation. In this review, we address the effects of chronic noise exposure on communities and explore possible mechanisms underlying these effects. The limited studies on this topic suggest that noise can affect communities by changing the behavior and/or physiology of species in a community, which results in direct or knock-on consequences for other species in the ecosystem. Major knowledge gaps remain due to the logistically complex and financially expensive nature of the long-term studies needed to address these questions. By identifying these gaps and suggesting approaches to answer them, we provide a road map toward mitigating the effects of a noisy world.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Anthropogenic noise, chronic, community, behavior, ecology.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Neil
Authors: Kok, A. C. M., Berkhout, B. W., Carlson, N. V., Evans, N. P., Khan, N., Potvin, D. A., Radford, A. N., Sebire, M., Shafiei Sabet, S., Shannon, G., and Wascher, C. A. F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN (Online):2296-701X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 Kok, Berkhout, Carlson, Evans, Khan, Potvin, Radford, Sebire, Shafiei Sabet, Shannon and Wascher
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 11: 1130075
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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