Improving the ecological and economic performance of agri-environment schemes: payment by modelled results versus payment for actions

Simpson, K. , Armsworth, P. R., Dallimer, M., Nthambi, M. , de Vries, F. P. and Hanley, N. (2023) Improving the ecological and economic performance of agri-environment schemes: payment by modelled results versus payment for actions. Land Use Policy, 130, 106688. (doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2023.106688)

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Researchers and policy-makers have become increasingly interested in re-designing agri-environmental policy to improve both economic efficiency and ecological effectiveness. One idea within this debate has been payments for results (outcomes) rather than payment for actions. Payment for result policies have been argued to have some important advantages, but two key disadvantages are the higher risks faced by landowners, leading to low participation rates; and the potentially high costs of monitoring outcomes. Bartkowski et al. (2021) propose an alternative of payment for modelled results, which claims to avoid these two problems. Our paper provides the first application of this approach to spatially realistic patterns of ecological and economic heterogeneity for farmland biodiversity in England. We compare payment for modelled results findings with approximately equivalent payment for actions schemes intended to deliver increases in the same biodiversity indicators. Key insights are that payment for modelled results delivers superior predicted ecological outcomes for the same budgetary cost as payment for actions, whilst economic surpluses to farmers are also higher.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hanley, Professor Nicholas and Simpson, Dr Katherine and Nthambi, Dr Mary
Authors: Simpson, K., Armsworth, P. R., Dallimer, M., Nthambi, M., de Vries, F. P., and Hanley, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Land Use Policy
ISSN (Online):1873-5754
Published Online:18 April 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Land Use Policy 130: 106688
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303222Contracts for effective and lasting delivery of agri-environmental public goodsNicholas HanleyEuropean Commission (EC)817903Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine