The long-distance relationship between Dirofilaria and the UK: case report and literature review

Panarese, R., Moore, R., Page, A. P. , McDonald, M. , MacDonald, E. and Weir, W. (2023) The long-distance relationship between Dirofilaria and the UK: case report and literature review. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 10, 1128188. (doi: 10.3389/fvets.2023.1128188) (PMID:37180057) (PMCID:PMC10172649)

[img] Text
296624.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Over the last two decades, vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) have changed their distribution across the globe as a consequence of a variety of environmental, socioeconomic and geopolitical factors. Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are perfect exemplars of European VBPs of One Health concern that have undergone profound changes in their distribution, with new hotspots of infection appearing in previously non-endemic countries. Some areas, such as the United Kingdom, are still considered non-endemic. However, a combination of climate change and the potential spread of invasive mosquito species may change this scenario, exposing the country to the risk of outbreaks of filarial infections. Only a limited number of non-autochthonous cases have been recorded in the United Kingdom to date. These infections remain a diagnostic challenge for clinicians unfamiliar with these “exotic” parasites, which in turn complicates the approach to treatment and management. Therefore, this review aims to (i) describe the first case of D. repens infection in a dog currently resident in Scotland, (ii) summarise the available literature on Dirofilaria spp. infections in both humans and animals in the United Kingdom and (iii) assess the suitability of the United Kingdom for the establishment of these new VBPs.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Page, Professor Tony and McDonald, Mr Mike and MacDonald, Miss Emma and Panarese, Dr Rossella and Weir, Professor Willie
Authors: Panarese, R., Moore, R., Page, A. P., McDonald, M., MacDonald, E., and Weir, W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN (Online):2297-1769
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 Panarese, Moore, Page, McDonald, MacDonald and Weir
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science 10: 1128188
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record