RIS enabled secret key generation for secured vehicular communication in the presence of denial-of-service attacks

Shawky, M. A. , Shah, S. T. , Abbasi, Q. H. , Hussein, M., Imran, M. A. , Hasan, S. F., Ansari, S. and Taha, A. (2023) RIS enabled secret key generation for secured vehicular communication in the presence of denial-of-service attacks. Sensors, 23(8), 4104. (doi: 10.3390/s23084104)

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Wireless communication has become an integral part of modern vehicles. However, securing the information exchanged between interconnected terminals poses a significant challenge. Effective security solutions should be computationally inexpensive, ultra-reliable, and capable of operating in any wireless propagation environment. Physical layer secret key generation has emerged as a promising technique, which leverages the inherent randomness of wireless-channel responses in amplitude and phase to generate high-entropy symmetric shared keys. The sensitivity of the channel-phase responses to the distance between network terminals makes this technique a viable solution for secure vehicular communication, given the dynamic behavior of these terminals. However, the practical implementation of this technique in vehicular communication is hindered by fluctuations in the communication link between line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) conditions. This study introduces a key-generation approach that uses a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) to secure message exchange in vehicular communication. The RIS improves the performance of key extraction in scenarios with low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and NLoS conditions. Additionally, it enhances the network’s security against denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. In this context, we propose an efficient RIS configuration optimization technique that reinforces the signals received from legitimate users and weakens the signals from potential adversaries. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated through practical implementation using a 1-bit RIS with 64×64 elements and software-defined radios operating within the 5G frequency band. The results demonstrate improved key-extraction performance and increased resistance to DoS attacks. The hardware implementation of the proposed approach further validated its effectiveness in enhancing key-extraction performance in terms of the key generation and mismatch rates, while reducing the effect of the DoS attacks on the network.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Taha, Dr Ahmad and Shah, Dr Syed Tariq and Ansari, Dr Shuja and Imran, Professor Muhammad and Shawky, Mr Mahmoud and Abbasi, Dr Qammer
Authors: Shawky, M. A., Shah, S. T., Abbasi, Q. H., Hussein, M., Imran, M. A., Hasan, S. F., Ansari, S., and Taha, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Autonomous Systems and Connectivity
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:Sensors
ISSN (Online):1424-8220
Published Online:19 April 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 by the authors
First Published:First published in Sensors 23(8):4104
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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