Electromagnetic and RF pulse design simulation based optimization of an eight-channel loop array for 11.7T brain imaging

Chu, S., Gras, V., Mauconduit, F., Massire, A., Boulant, N. and Gunamony, S. (2023) Electromagnetic and RF pulse design simulation based optimization of an eight-channel loop array for 11.7T brain imaging. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 90(2), pp. 770-783. (doi: 10.1002/mrm.29654) (PMID:36999747)

[img] Text
294470.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



Purpose: Optimization of transmit array performance is crucial in ultra-high-field MRI scanners such as 11.7T because of the increased RF losses and RF nonuniformity. This work presents a new workflow to investigate and minimize RF coil losses, and to choose the optimum coil configuration for imaging. Methods: An 8-channel transceiver loop-array was simulated to analyze its loss mechanism at 499.415 MHz. A folded-end RF shield was developed to limit radiation loss and improve the B+ 1 efficiency. The coil element length, and the shield diameter and length were further optimized using electromagnetic (EM) simulations. The generated EM fields were used to perform RF pulse design (RFPD) simulations under realistic constraints. The chosen coil design was constructed to demonstrate performance equivalence in bench and scanner measurements. Results: The use of conventional RF shields at 11.7T resulted in significantly high radiation losses of 18.4%. Folding the ends of the RF shield combined with optimizing the shield diameter and length increased the absorbed power in biological tissue and reduced the radiation loss to 2.4%. The peak B+ 1 of the optimal array was 42% more than the reference array. Phantom measurements validated the numerical simulations with a close match of within 4% of the predicted B+ 1 . Conclusion: A workflow that combines EM and RFPD simulations to numerically optimize transmit arrays was developed. Results have been validated using phantom measurements. Our findings demonstrate the need for optimizing the RF shield in conjunction with array element design to achieve efficient excitation at 11.7T.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 885876 (AROMA) and from the French government grant managed by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche under the program “Investissements d'avenir” (ANR-21-ESRE-0006).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gunamony, Dr Shajan
Authors: Chu, S., Gras, V., Mauconduit, F., Massire, A., Boulant, N., and Gunamony, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
ISSN (Online):1522-2594
Published Online:31 March 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 9092): 770-783
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303357Accurate, Reliable and Optimized functional MAgnetic resonance imaging at unprecedented field strengthShajan GunamonyEuropean Commission (EC)885876Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging