The effect of a novel AQP4 facilitator, TGN-073, on glymphatic transport captured by diffusion MRI and DCE-MRI

Alghanimy, A., Martin, C., Gallagher, L. and Holmes, W. M. (2023) The effect of a novel AQP4 facilitator, TGN-073, on glymphatic transport captured by diffusion MRI and DCE-MRI. PLoS ONE, 18(3), e0282955. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0282955) (PMID:36920936) (PMCID:PMC10016657)

[img] Text
294408.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



The glymphatic system is a low resistance pathway, by which cerebrospinal fluid enters the brain parenchyma along perivascular spaces via AQP4 channels. It is hypothesised that the resulting convective flow of the interstitial fluid provides an efficient mechanism for the removal of waste toxins from the brain. Therefore, enhancing AQP4 function might protect against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), in which the accumulation of harmful proteins and solutes is a hallmark feature. Here, we test the effect of a putative AQP4 facilitator, TGN-073, on glymphatic transport in a normal rat brain by employing different MRI techniques. Surgical procedures were undertaken to catheterise the cisterna magna, thereby enabling infusion of the MRI tracer. Followed by the intraperitoneal injection of either TGN-073, or the vehicle. Using a paramagnetic contrast agent (Gd-DTPA) as the MRI tracer, dynamic 3D T1 weighted imaging of the glymphatic system was undertaken over two hours. Further, the apparent diffusion coefficient was measured in different brain regions using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). While physiological parameters and arterial blood gas analysis were monitored continuously. We found that rats treated with TGN-073 showed the distribution of Gd-DTPA was more extensive and parenchymal uptake was higher compared with the vehicle group. Water diffusivity was increased in the brain of TGN-073 treated group, which indicates greater water flux. Also, MRI showed the glymphatic transport and distribution in the brain is naturally heterogeneous, which is consistent with previous studies. Our results indicate that compounds such as TGN-073 can improve glymphatic function in the brain. Since glymphatic impairment due to AQP4 dysfunction is potentially associated with several neurological disorders such as AD, dementia and traumatic brain injury, enhancing AQP4 functionality might be a promising therapeutic target.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:alghanimy, Alaa and Gallagher, Mrs Lindsay and Martin, Mr Conor and Holmes, Dr William
Authors: Alghanimy, A., Martin, C., Gallagher, L., and Holmes, W. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 Alghanimy et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 18(3):e0282955
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record