Characteristics and clinical correlates of risk symptoms in individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Cooper, S. M., Fusar-Poli, P. and Uhlhaas, P. J. (2023) Characteristics and clinical correlates of risk symptoms in individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 254, pp. 54-61. (doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2023.02.011) (PMID:36801514)

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Emerging evidence suggests that the duration of risk symptoms (DUR) may have an impact on clinical outcomes in clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHRsingle bondP) participants. To explore this hypothesis, we performed a meta-analysis on studies that examined DUR in CHR-P individuals in relation to their clinical outcomes. This review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines and the protocol was registered with PROSPERO on 16th April 2021 (ID no. CRD42021249443). Literature searches were conducted using PsycINFO and Web of Science in March and November 2021, for studies reporting on DUR in CHR-P populations, in relation to transition to psychosis or symptomatic, functional, or cognitive outcomes. The primary outcome was transition to psychosis, while the secondary outcomes were remission from CHR-P status and functioning at baseline. Thirteen independent studies relating to 2506 CHR-P individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The mean age was 19.88 years (SD = 1.61) and 1194 individuals (47.65 %) were females. The mean length of DUR was 23.61 months (SD = 13.18). There was no meta-analytic effect of DUR on transition to psychosis at 12-month follow-up (OR = 1.000, 95%CI = 0.999–1.000, k = 8, p = .98), while DUR was related to remission (Hedge's g = 0.236, 95%CI = 0.014–0.458, k = 4, p = .037). DUR was not related to baseline GAF scores (beta = −0.004, 95%CI = −0.025–0.017, k = 3, p = .71). The current findings suggest that DUR is not associated with transition to psychosis at 12 months, but may impact remission. However, the database was small and further research in this area is required.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Uhlhaas, Professor Peter and Cooper, Miss Saskia
Authors: Cooper, S. M., Fusar-Poli, P., and Uhlhaas, P. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Schizophrenia Research
ISSN (Online):1573-2509
Published Online:15 February 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Schizophrenia Research 254: 54-61
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
304239Developing an Online-Screening Tool for Detecting Early-Stage PsychosisPeter UhlhaasWellcome Trust (WELLCOTR)215793/Z/19/ZHW - Robertson Centre
306543Identifying Neural Signatures of Auditory-Predictive Processing in Schizophrenia: A Multi-Modal Imaging ApproachPeter UhlhaasMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/T003138/1Centre for Neuroscience