The Cost of Crime: A Health Economic Analysis of the Impact of Traumatic Brain Injury on Crime

Williams, H., Parsonage, M., Fazel, S. and McMillan, T. (2016) The Cost of Crime: A Health Economic Analysis of the Impact of Traumatic Brain Injury on Crime. The International Brain Injury Association’s Eleventh World Congress on Brain Injury, The Hague, The Netherlands, 02-05 Mar 2016.

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Objectives: Across various studies, in different jurisdictions internationally it has been shown that survivors of childhood or adolescent traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at much greater risk of offending compared to the general population and, indeed, compared to their own siblings. Analysis of costs to the UK criminal justice system of young offenders—who may often have TBIs—are substantial. With estimates that each serious young offender costs $45 000 per annum to society over a 10-year period. Methods: We present a review of health economic data on the cost of crime that may be due to TBI. Conclusions: It would, therefore, appear that initiatives to reduce the likelihood of TBI and/or the consequences of TBI (such as behavioural problems and impulsivity) may offer routes for reducing costs associated with crime. Indeed, even if interventions are only moderately effective in reducing re-offending, they are still likely to be good value for money and so should be provided.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMillan, Professor Tom
Authors: Williams, H., Parsonage, M., Fazel, S., and McMillan, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing

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