TB hackathon: development and comparison of five models to predict subnational tuberculosis prevalence in Pakistan

Alba, S. et al. (2022) TB hackathon: development and comparison of five models to predict subnational tuberculosis prevalence in Pakistan. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 7(1), 13. (doi: 10.3390/tropicalmed7010013) (PMID:35051129) (PMCID:PMC8780063)

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Pakistan’s national tuberculosis control programme (NTP) is among the many programmes worldwide that value the importance of subnational tuberculosis (TB) burden estimates to support disease control efforts, but do not have reliable estimates. A hackathon was thus organised to solicit the development and comparison of several models for small area estimation of TB. The TB hackathon was launched in April 2019. Participating teams were requested to produce district-level estimates of bacteriologically positive TB prevalence among adults (over 15 years of age) for 2018. The NTP provided case-based data from their 2010–2011 TB prevalence survey, along with data relating to TB screening, testing and treatment for the period between 2010–2011 and 2018. Five teams submitted district-level TB prevalence estimates, methodological details and programming code. Although the geographical distribution of TB prevalence varied considerably across models, we identified several districts with consistently low notification-to-prevalence ratios. The hackathon highlighted the challenges of generating granular spatiotemporal TB prevalence forecasts based on a cross-sectional prevalence survey data and other data sources. Nevertheless, it provided a range of approaches to subnational disease modelling. The NTP’s use and plans for these outputs shows that, limitations notwithstanding, they can be valuable for programme planning.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacPherson, Professor Peter
Authors: Alba, S., Rood, E., Mecatti, F., Ross, J. M., Dodd, P. J., Chang, S., Potgieter, M., Bertarelli, G., Henry, N. J., LeGrand, K. E., Trouleau, W., Shaweno, D., MacPherson, P., Qin, Z. Z., Mergenthaler, C., Giardina, F., Augustijn, E.-W., Baloch, A. Q., and Latif, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
ISSN (Online):2414-6366
Published Online:17 January 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 7(1): 13
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.5281/zenodo.5112022

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