Groundwater recharge estimation using in-situ and GRACE observations in the eastern region of the United Arab Emirates

Alghafli, K., Shi, X. , Sloan, W. , Shamsudduha, M., Tang, Q., Sefelnasr, A. and Ebraheem, A. A. (2023) Groundwater recharge estimation using in-situ and GRACE observations in the eastern region of the United Arab Emirates. Science of the Total Environment, 867, 161489. (doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.161489)

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Abstract

The intensive agricultural expansion and rapid urban development in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE) have resulted in a major decline in local and regional groundwater levels. By using the latest release (RL06) of Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite measurements and Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) products, the groundwater storage change was computed and compared with the time series of in-situ monitoring wells over the period of 2010–2016. The RL06 GRACE products from Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), University of Texas Center for Space Research (CSR), German Research Center for Geosciences (GFZ), and JPL mass concentrations (MASCON) were assessed and have shown satisfactory agreements with the monitoring wells. The JPL MASCON reflected the in-situ groundwater storage change better than the other GRACE products (R = 0.5, lag =1 month, RMSE = 13 mm). The groundwater recharge is estimated for the study area and compared with the in-situ recharge method that considers multi recharge components from the rainfall, irrigation return flow and internal fluxes. The results show that the agreements between in-situ and GRACE-derived recharge estimates are highly agreeable (e.g., R2 = 0.91, RMSE = 1.5 Mm3 to 7.8 Mm3, and Nash-Sutcliff Efficiency = 0.7). Using the Mann-Kendall trend test and Sen's slope, the analyses of policies, number of wells, and farm areal expansion with groundwater time series derived from GRACE helped to validate GRACE and emphasize the importance of regulations for sustainable development of groundwater resources. The impacts of subsidy cuts after 2010 can be captured from the GRACE data in the eastern region of Abu Dhabi Emirate. The linear trend of groundwater storage anomaly obtained from GRACE over the period from 2003 to 2010 is −6.36 ± 0.6 mm/year while it showed a decline trend of −1.2 ± 0.6 mm/year after the subsidy cut. The proposed approach has a potential application for estimating groundwater recharge in other arid regions where in-situ monitoring wells are limited or absent.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shi, Dr John Xiaogang and Alghafli, Khaled Ali Saif Mohammed and Sloan, Professor William
Authors: Alghafli, K., Shi, X., Sloan, W., Shamsudduha, M., Tang, Q., Sefelnasr, A., and Ebraheem, A. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
College of Social Sciences > School of Social & Environmental Sustainability
Journal Name:Science of the Total Environment
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0048-9697
ISSN (Online):1879-1026
Published Online:10 January 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in Science of the Total Environment 867:161489
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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