Major cardiovascular events and subsequent risk of kidney failure with replacement therapy: a CKD Prognosis Consortium study

Mark, P. B. et al. (2023) Major cardiovascular events and subsequent risk of kidney failure with replacement therapy: a CKD Prognosis Consortium study. European Heart Journal, (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehac825) (PMID:36691956) (Early Online Publication)

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Aims: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Less is known about how CVD associates with future risk of kidney failure with replacement therapy (KFRT). Methods and results: The study included 25 903 761 individuals from the CKD Prognosis Consortium with known baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and evaluated the impact of prevalent and incident coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure (HF), and atrial fibrillation (AF) events as time-varying exposures on KFRT outcomes. Mean age was 53 (standard deviation 17) years and mean eGFR was 89 mL/min/1.73 m2, 15% had diabetes and 8.4% had urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) available (median 13 mg/g); 9.5% had prevalent CHD, 3.2% prior stroke, 3.3% HF, and 4.4% prior AF. During follow-up, there were 269 142 CHD, 311 021 stroke, 712 556 HF, and 605 596 AF incident events and 101 044 (0.4%) patients experienced KFRT. Both prevalent and incident CVD were associated with subsequent KFRT with adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of 3.1 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.9–3.3], 2.0 (1.9–2.1), 4.5 (4.2–4.9), 2.8 (2.7–3.1) after incident CHD, stroke, HF and AF, respectively. HRs were highest in first 3 months post-CVD incidence declining to baseline after 3 years. Incident HF hospitalizations showed the strongest association with KFRT [HR 46 (95% CI: 43–50) within 3 months] after adjustment for other CVD subtype incidence. Conclusion: Incident CVD events strongly and independently associate with future KFRT risk, most notably after HF, then CHD, stroke, and AF. Optimal strategies for addressing the dramatic risk of KFRT following CVD events are needed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mark, Professor Patrick
Authors: Mark, P. B., Carrero, J. J., Matsushita, K., Sang, Y., Ballew, S. H., Grams, M. E., Coresh, J., Surapaneni, A., Brunskill, N. J., Chalmers, J., Chan, L., Chang, A. R., Chinnadurai, R., Chodick, G., Cirillo, M., de Zeeuw, D., Evans, M., Garg, A. X., Gutierrez, O. M., Heerspink, H. J.L., Heine, G. H., Herrington, W. G., Ishigami, J., Kronenberg, F., Lee, J. Y., Levin, A., Major, R. W., Marks, A., Nadkarni, G. N., Naimark, D. M.J., Nowak, C., Rahman, M., Sabanayagam, C., Sarnak, M., Sawhney, S., Schneider, M. P., Shalev, V., Shin, J.-I., Siddiqui, M. K., Stempniewicz, N., Sumida, K., Valdivielso, J. M., van den Brand, J., Wang, A. Y.-M., Wheeler, D. C., Zhang, L., Visseren, F. L.J., and Stengel, B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:European Heart Journal
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):1522-9645
Published Online:24 January 2023
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2023 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Heart Journal 2023
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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