Quantifying farmers’ preferences for antimicrobial use for livestock diseases in northern Tanzania

Nthambi, M. , Lembo, T. , Davis, A. , Nasuwa, F., Mmbaga, B. T., Matthews, L. and Hanley, N. (2023) Quantifying farmers’ preferences for antimicrobial use for livestock diseases in northern Tanzania. Q Open, 3(1), qoac032. (doi: 10.1093/qopen/qoac032)

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Understanding the choice behaviours of farmers around the treatment of their livestock is critical to counteracting the risks of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) emergence. Using varying disease scenarios, we measure the differences in livestock species’ treatment preferences and effects of context variables (such as grazing patterns, herd size, travel time to agrovet shops, previous disease experience, previous vaccination experience, education level and income) on the farmers’ treatment choices for infections across three production systems—agro-pastoral, pastoral and rural smallholder—in northern Tanzania, where reliance on antimicrobial treatment to support the health and productivity of livestock is high. Applying a context-dependent stated choice experiment, we surveyed 1224 respondents. Mixed logit model results show that farmers have higher preferences for professional veterinary services when treating cattle, sheep and goats, while they prefer to self-treat poultry. Antibiotics sourced from agrovet shops are the medicine of choice, independent of the health condition to treat, whether viral, bacterial or parasitic. Nearness to agrovet shops, informal education, borrowing and home storage of medicines, and commercial poultry rearing increase chances of self-treatment. Based on our findings, we propose interventions such as awareness and education campaigns aimed at addressing current practices that pose AMR risks, as well as vaccination and good livestock husbandry practices, capacity building and provision of diagnostic tools.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hanley, Professor Nicholas and Lembo, Dr Tiziana and Davis, Dr Alicia and MMBAGA, Professor Blandina Theoph and Nthambi, Dr Mary and Matthews, Professor Louise
Authors: Nthambi, M., Lembo, T., Davis, A., Nasuwa, F., Mmbaga, B. T., Matthews, L., and Hanley, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Sociology Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences
Journal Name:Q Open
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN (Online):2633-9048
Published Online:28 November 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Q Open 3(1): qoac032
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303374Supporting the National Action Plan for Antimicrobial Resistance (SNAP-AMR) in TanzaniaShona HiltonMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/S004815/1Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine