Revealing invisible stews: new results of organic residue analyses of beveled rim bowls from the late Chalcolithic site of Shakhi Kora, Kurdistan region of Iraq

Perruchini, E., Glatz, C. , Heimvik, S. G., Bendrey, R., Hald, M. M., Del Bravo, F., Sameen, S. M. and Toney, J. (2022) Revealing invisible stews: new results of organic residue analyses of beveled rim bowls from the late Chalcolithic site of Shakhi Kora, Kurdistan region of Iraq. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, (doi: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103730) (In Press)

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Abstract

Beveled Rim Bowls (BRBs) are the most iconic and well-known vessel type of ancient Southwest Asia. Roughly and carelessly produced, these conical bowls are attested in their thousands at 4th millennium BCE sites from southern Iraq and the Persian Gulf to the highlands of eastern Turkey and Iran. Questions regarding their function and relationship with emergent state institutions have stood at the centre of nearly a century of debates about the nature of early Mesopotamian urbanism and the so-called Uruk Expansion. In this paper we present the results of organic residue analyses of 10 BRBs from the site of Shakhi Kora in the Sirwan/Upper Diyala River Valley in the Kurdistan Region of north-east Iraq. Our analytical results challenge traditional interpretations that see BRBs as containers of cereal-based rations and bread moulds. The presence of meat- and potentially also dairy-based foods in the Shakhi Kora vessels lends support to multi-purpose explanations and points to local processes of appropriation of vessel meaning and function.

Item Type:Articles
Status:In Press
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Perruchini, Elsa and Glatz, Professor Claudia and Toney, Professor Jaime
Authors: Perruchini, E., Glatz, C., Heimvik, S. G., Bendrey, R., Hald, M. M., Del Bravo, F., Sameen, S. M., and Toney, J.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > Archaeology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-409X
ISSN (Online):2352-4103
Published Online:18 November 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 2022
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
170077Highland Encounters: Practice, Perception and Power in the Mountains of the Ancient Middle EastClaudia GlatzLeverhulme Trust (LEVERHUL)IAF-2014-019Arts - Archaeology
305062The Invention of Civilisation: Early Highland-lowland Encounters and the Politics of OtheringClaudia GlatzBritish Academy (BRITACAD)MD19\190033Arts - Archaeology