Impact of subjective and objective neighbourhood characteristics and individual socioeconomic position on allostatic load: a cross-sectional analysis of an all-age UK household panel study

Whitley, E. , Olsen, J. and Benzeval, M. (2022) Impact of subjective and objective neighbourhood characteristics and individual socioeconomic position on allostatic load: a cross-sectional analysis of an all-age UK household panel study. Health and Place, 78, 102930. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2022.102930) (PMID:36347133)

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Abstract

Research suggests that individuals living in more disadvantaged neighbourhoods experience higher levels of stress but this has generally been based on self-reported stress. We used survey-based neighbourhood quality indicators and biomarker data from Understanding Society, linked to census and crime statistics to explore associations of allostatic load (AL), an objective biomarker-based measure of cumulative stress, with subjective and objective neighbourhood characteristics. Analyses of 6887 respondents living in England show greater AL among those living in more disadvantaged areas, with objective measure associations stronger than subjective. Neighbourhood inequalities in AL were lower among respondents with higher individual SEP. These results suggest that individual-level SEP mitigates against the impact of negative, particularly objective, neighbourhood characteristics. Policies to reduce health inequalities should consider both individual and neighbourhood circumstances.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:MB is funded by ESRC (ES/S007253/1).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Olsen, Dr Jonathan and Whitley, Dr Elise and Benzeval, Dr Michaela
Authors: Whitley, E., Olsen, J., and Benzeval, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Health and Place
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1353-8292
ISSN (Online):1873-2054
Published Online:05 November 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Health and Place 78:102930
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172040How do biomarkers and genetics contribute to understanding health and society?Richard MitchellEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/M008592/1HW - Public Health
3048231Inequalities in healthAlastair LeylandMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_00022/2HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Places and healthRich MitchellMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_00022/4HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Inequalities in healthAlastair LeylandOffice of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSO)SPHSU17HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Places and healthRich MitchellOffice of the Chief Scientific Adviser (CSO)SPHSU19HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit