Disposable pH sensor on paper using screen-printed graphene-carbon ink modified zinc oxide nanoparticles

Aliyana, A. K., Ganguly, P., Beniwal, A. , Kumar, S.K. N. and Dahiya, R. (2022) Disposable pH sensor on paper using screen-printed graphene-carbon ink modified zinc oxide nanoparticles. IEEE Sensors Journal, 22(21), pp. 21049-21056. (doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2022.3206212)

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Estimation of pH is vital to assess the biochemical and biological processes in a wide variety of applications ranging from water to soil, health, and environment monitoring. This work reports a screen-printed flexible and disposable pH sensor using the impedimetric method. The pH sensor was fabricated by screen printing Graphene-Carbon modified Zinc Oxide based active layer on a paper substrate and shows nearly three orders of change in impedance magnitude in the pH range of 2 – 9. The sensor was carefully designed using COMSOL® Multiphysics software to understand the influence of electrode geometry and the electrical potential developed across the structure. The developed sensor was used for pH monitoring of soil and exhibited high sensitivity of 5.27 kΩ /pH (2-8) with a correlation coefficient (R 2 ) of 0.99. Finally, an IoT-enabled smart pH detection system was implemented for continuous pH monitoring for potential application in digital agriculture. The outcome demonstrates that the presented flexible and disposable pH sensor could open new opportunities for monitoring of water, product process, human health, and chemical (or bio) reactions even using small volumes of samples.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kumar, Dr Naveen and Beniwal, Dr Ajay and Ganguly, Ms Priyanka and Aliyana, Akshaya and Dahiya, Professor Ravinder
Authors: Aliyana, A. K., Ganguly, P., Beniwal, A., Kumar, S.K. N., and Dahiya, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:IEEE Sensors Journal
ISSN (Online):1558-1748
Published Online:19 September 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Sensors Journal 22(21): 21049-21056
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
301728Engineering Fellowships for Growth: Printed Tactile SKINRavinder DahiyaEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R029644/1ENG - Electronics & Nanoscale Engineering
303114Innovative Network for Training in Water and Food Quality using Disposable Sensors,Ravinder DahiyaEuropean Commission (EC)813680ENG - Electronics & Nanoscale Engineering