Artifact suppression in readout‐segmented consistent K‐t space EPSI (RS‐COKE) for fast 1 H spectroscopic imaging at 7 T

Seginer, A., Keith, G. A. , Porter, D. A. and Schmidt, R. (2022) Artifact suppression in readout‐segmented consistent K‐t space EPSI (RS‐COKE) for fast 1 H spectroscopic imaging at 7 T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 88(6), pp. 2339-2357. (doi: 10.1002/mrm.29373) (PMID:35975965)

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Purpose: Fast proton (1H) MRSI is an important diagnostic tool for clinical investigations, providing metabolic and spatial information. MRSI at 7 T benefits from increased SNR and improved separation of peaks but requires larger spectral widths. RS‐COKE (Readout‐Segmented Consistent K‐t space epsi) is an echo planar spectroscopic imaging (epsi) variant capable to support the spectral width required for human brain metabolites spectra at 7 T. However, mismatches between readout segments lead to artifacts, particularly when subcutaneous lipid signals are not suppressed. In this study, these mismatches and their effects are analyzed and reduced. Methods: The following corrections to the data were performed: i) frequency‐dependent phase corrections; ii) k‐space trajectory corrections, derived from short reference scans; and iii) smoothing of data at segment transitions to mitigate the effect of residual mismatches. The improvement was evaluated by performing single‐slice RS‐COKE on a head‐shaped phantom with a “lipid” layer and healthy subjects, using varying resolutions and durations ranging from 4.1 × 4.7 × 15 mm3 in 5:46 min to 3.1 × 3.3 × 15 mm3 in 13:07 min. Results: Artifacts arising from the readout‐segmented acquisition were substantially reduced, thus providing high‐quality spectroscopic imaging in phantom and human scans. LCModel fitting of the human data resulted in a relative Cramer‐Rao lower bounds within 6% for NAA, Cr, and Cho images in the majority of the voxels. Conclusion: Using the new reference scans and reconstruction steps, RS‐COKE was able to deliver fast 1H MRSI at 7 T, overcoming the spectral width limitation of standard EPSI at this field strength.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Keith, Dr Graeme and Porter, Professor David
Authors: Seginer, A., Keith, G. A., Porter, D. A., and Schmidt, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
ISSN (Online):1522-2594
Published Online:17 August 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 88(6): 2339-2357
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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