Progress, barriers, and prospects for achieving a hydrogen society and opportunities for biochar technology

Igalavithana, A. D. et al. (2022) Progress, barriers, and prospects for achieving a hydrogen society and opportunities for biochar technology. ACS ES&T Engineering, 2(11), pp. 1987-2001. (doi: 10.1021/acsestengg.1c00510)

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The concept of a “hydrogen (H2) society” is meant to serve as a greener alternative toward fossil fuel utilization and mitigating the climate crisis. However, major challenges concerning sustainability in the production of H2 need to be resolved to fulfill the development of a hydrogen society. Climate change cannot be mitigated while fossil fuels remain the primary source of H2 production. The use of excess renewable energy to produce H2 can also be economically challenging; moreover, difficulties in storage and transportation could render a hydrogen society inviable. Biochar, as a renewable low-cost material, could be the key toward resolving these challenges, by serving as feedstock for steam gasification, as a catalyst or catalyst support for thermochemical or photochemical processes, or as an additive for biochemical processes. This study examines the plausibility of the concept of an “H2 society” and the role of biochar in making this a reality. Biochar helps improve H2 production, because it is an effective catalyst due to its high surface area, porosity, conductivity, and stability. Its high H2 storage capacity could facilitate effective stationary storage and transportation. The role of biochar in an H2 economy is becoming clearer; however, developing effective biochar-based materials for H2 production and storage is necessary.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was supported by the Hydrogen Energy Innovation Technology Development Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT)) (No. NRF-2019M3E6A1064197). It was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (Germany-Korea Partnership Program (GEnKO Program) 2018–2020).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:You, Dr Siming
Authors: Igalavithana, A. D., You, S., Zhang, L., Shang, J., Lehmann, J., Wang, X., Zhu, Y.-G., Tsang, D. C.W., Park, Y.-K., Hou, D., and Ok, Y. S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:ACS ES&T Engineering
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN (Online):2690-0645
Published Online:25 October 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society
First Published:First published in ACS ES&T Engineering 2(11):1987-2001
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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