From minnow to mighty: a hegemonic analysis of social accountability in BRAC - the world's largest development NGO

Ahmed, Z., Hopper, T. and Wickramasinghe, D. (2022) From minnow to mighty: a hegemonic analysis of social accountability in BRAC - the world's largest development NGO. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, (doi: 10.1016/ (In Press)

[img] Text
275299.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 5 February 2024.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



Based on fieldwork in Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), the world’s largest Non-Governmental Organization in Bangladesh, focusing on a Gramscian perspective of hegemony and Gramsci’s military metaphors, this paper examines whether and how BRAC’s cultural and moral leadership helped build a counter-hegemony through a ‘war of position’ and extended its functional accountability into social accountability. We found that BRAC endeavored to disseminate an ‘alternative’ hegemony and develop a ‘historic bloc’ for waging a ‘war of position’. Our approach informs the difficulty large hybrid NGOs such as BRAC face in effectively combining functional and social accountability and pursuing their financial and social goals simultaneously given the political, cultural, and ethical factors paradoxically confronting them. While functional accountability survives through changing regulations and directions of state apparatuses demanding to see NGO’s accounts for legitimacy purposes and appearing to enact regulation within the dominant hegemony, BRAC has become large conglomerates, and their more effective delivery of social and economic welfare programs give them an appearance of an ‘alterative state’ and reinforces their advocacy. To this end, they involve beneficiaries through continuous social accountability practices, but due to their desire to be financially independent, they maintain a commercial orientation based on neoliberal ideals being propagated in LDCs.

Item Type:Articles
Status:In Press
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wickramasinghe, Professor Danture
Authors: Ahmed, Z., Hopper, T., and Wickramasinghe, D.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Accounting and Finance
Journal Name:Critical Perspectives on Accounting
ISSN (Online):1095-9955
Published Online:05 August 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Critical Perspectives on Accounting 2022
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record