Feline emphysematous gastritis in a cat with pancreatitis and secondary hepatic lipidosis

Fulton, E., Hammond, G. , Marchesi, F. , Hernandez Perez, M. and Ridyard, A. E. (2022) Feline emphysematous gastritis in a cat with pancreatitis and secondary hepatic lipidosis. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 58(4), pp. 207-212. (doi: 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-7228) (PMID:35793486)

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A 7 yr old female neutered domestic shorthair was presented with a 2 mo history of lethargy and hyporexia progressing to anorexia. Initial diagnostics indicated pancreatitis with secondary hepatic lipidosis. Supportive care, including the placement of an esophageal feeding tube, was initiated. The feeding tube was removed traumatically by the cat and thus replaced. The cat acutely deteriorated while hospitalized, developing marked hypersalivation and an obtunded mentation. Radiographs were taken to confirm placement of the feeding tube in case tube dislodgement was contributing to the hypersalivation; results confirmed appropriate positioning and gastric pneumatosis. Despite intensified medical management, the patient suffered cardiopulmonary arrest 7 days after hospital admission. Post-mortem examination confirmed necrotizing gastritis with emphysema alongside segmental mucosal necrosis in the jejunum, focal pancreatic necrosis, and diffuse hepatic lipidosis. Gas in the gastric wall is a rare finding in veterinary medicine and can arise due to gastric pneumatosis or emphysematous gastritis; there are scant reports of either in feline medicine. This report documents a case of emphysematous gastritis in a cat with concurrent pancreatitis and hepatic lipidosis. The cat developed emphysematous gastritis without undergoing gastrointestinal surgery which is currently the only reported feline predis-posing factor for development.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Marchesi, Dr Francesco and Fulton, Emily and Ridyard, Ms Alison and Hernandez Perez, Miss Marta and Hammond, Dr Gawain
Authors: Fulton, E., Hammond, G., Marchesi, F., Hernandez Perez, M., and Ridyard, A. E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Publisher:American Animal Hospital Association
ISSN (Online):1547-3317
Published Online:06 July 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 American Animal Hospital Association
First Published:First published in Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 58(4): 207-212
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Publisher

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