Differentiating Network Flows for Priority-Aware Scheduling of Incoming Packets in Real-Time IoT Systems

Blumschein, C., Behnke, I., Thamsen, L. and Kao, O. (2022) Differentiating Network Flows for Priority-Aware Scheduling of Incoming Packets in Real-Time IoT Systems. In: 2022 IEEE 25th International Symposium on Real-Time Distributed Computing (ISORC), Västerås, Sweden, 17-18 May 2022, ISBN 9781665406277 (doi: 10.1109/ISORC52572.2022.9812841)

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269422.pdf - Accepted Version



When IP-packet processing is unconditionally carried out on behalf of an operating system kernel thread, processing systems can experience overload in high incoming traffic scenarios. This is especially worrying for embedded real-time devices controlling their physical environment in industrial IoT scenarios and automotive systems. We propose an embedded real-time aware IP stack adaption with an early demultiplexing scheme for incoming packets and subsequent per-flow aperiodic scheduling. By instrumenting existing embedded IP stacks, rigid prioritization with minimal latency is deployed without the need of further task resources. Simple mitigation techniques can be applied to individual flows, causing hardly measurable overhead while at the same time protecting the system from overload conditions. Our IP stack adaption is able to reduce the low-priority packet processing time by over 86% compared to an unmodified stack. The network subsystem can thereby remain active at a 7x higher general traffic load before disabling the receive IRQ as a last resort to assure deadlines.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thamsen, Dr Lauritz
Authors: Blumschein, C., Behnke, I., Thamsen, L., and Kao, O.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 IEEE
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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