DIR-based models to predict weekly anatomical changes in head and neck cancer proton therapy

Zhang, Y., McGowan Holloway, S., Zoë Wilson, M., Alshaikhi, J., Tan, W., Royle, G. and Bär, E. (2022) DIR-based models to predict weekly anatomical changes in head and neck cancer proton therapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 67(9), 095001. (doi: 10.1088/1361-6560/ac5fe2) (PMID:35316795)

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Objective. We proposed two anatomical models for head and neck patients to predict anatomical changes during the course of radiotherapy. Approach. Deformable image registration was used to build two anatomical models: (1) the average model (AM) simulated systematic progressive changes across the patient cohort; (2) the refined individual model (RIM) used a patient’s CT images acquired during treatment to update the prediction for each individual patient. Planning CTs and weekly CTs were used from 20 nasopharynx patients. This dataset included 15 training patients and 5 test patients. For each test patient, a spot scanning proton plan was created. Models were evaluated using CT number differences, contours, proton spot location deviations and dose distributions. Main results. If no model was used, the CT number difference between the planning CT and the repeat CT at week 6 of treatment was on average 128.9 Hounsfield Units (HU) over the test population. This can be reduced to 115.5 HU using the AM, and to 110.5 HU using the RIM3 (RIM, updated at week (3). When the predicted contours from the models were used, the average mean surface distance of parotid glands can be reduced from 1.98 (no model) to 1.16 mm (AM) and 1.19 mm (RIM3) at week 6. Using the proton spot range, the average anatomical uncertainty over the test population reduced from 4.47 ± 1.23 (no model) to 2.41 ± 1.12 mm (AM), and 1.89 ± 0.96 mm (RIM3). Based on the gamma analysis, the average gamma index over the test patients was improved from 93.87 ± 2.48 % (no model) to 96.16 ± 1.84% (RIM3) at week 6. Significance. The AM and the RIM both demonstrated the ability to predict anatomical changes during the treatment. The RIM can gradually refine the prediction of anatomical changes based on the AM. The proton beam spots provided an accurate and effective way for uncertainty evaluation.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Ying Zhang is supported by the scholarship from China Scholarship Council Nos. 201 809 150 003. Esther Bär is supported by the Radiation Research Unit at the Cancer Research UK City of London Centre Award C7893/A28990. Wenyong Tan is supported by the National Natural Science Funding of China (81974462).
Keywords:Anatomical model, uncertainty evaluation, proton therapy.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McGowan Holloway, Dr Stacey
Authors: Zhang, Y., McGowan Holloway, S., Zoë Wilson, M., Alshaikhi, J., Tan, W., Royle, G., and Bär, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Physics in Medicine and Biology
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1361-6560
Published Online:15 April 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Physics in Medicine and Biology 67(9): 095001
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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