Tarema: Adaptive Resource Allocation for Scalable Scientific Workflows in Heterogeneous Clusters

Bader, J., Thamsen, L., Kulagina, S., Will, J., Meyerhenke, H. and Kao, O. (2021) Tarema: Adaptive Resource Allocation for Scalable Scientific Workflows in Heterogeneous Clusters. In: 2021 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data), 15-18 Dec 2021, pp. 65-75. ISBN 9781665439022 (doi: 10.1109/BigData52589.2021.9671519)

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Scientific workflow management systems like Nextflow support large-scale data analysis by abstracting away the details of scientific workflows. In these systems, workflows consist of several abstract tasks, of which instances are run in parallel and transform input partitions into output partitions. Resource managers like Kubernetes execute such workflow tasks on cluster infrastructures. However, these resource managers only consider the number of CPUs and the amount of available memory when assigning tasks to resources; they do not consider hardware differences beyond these numbers, while computational speed and memory access rates can differ significantly.We propose Tarema, a system for allocating task instances to heterogeneous cluster resources during the execution of scalable scientific workflows. First, Tarema profiles the available infrastructure with a set of benchmark programs and groups cluster nodes with similar performance. Second, Tarema uses online monitoring data of tasks, assigning labels to tasks depending on their resource usage. Third, Tarema uses the node groups and task labels to dynamically assign task instances evenly to resources based on resource demand. Our evaluation of a prototype implementation for Kubernetes, using five real-world Nextflow workflows from the popular nf-core framework and two 15-node clusters consisting of different virtual machines, shows a mean reduction of isolated job runtimes by 19.8% compared to popular schedulers in widely-used resource managers and 4.54% compared to the heuristic SJFN, while providing a better cluster usage. Moreover, executing two long-running workflows in parallel and on restricted resources shows that Tarema is able to reduce the runtimes even more while providing a fair cluster usage.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thamsen, Dr Lauritz
Authors: Bader, J., Thamsen, L., Kulagina, S., Will, J., Meyerhenke, H., and Kao, O.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Published Online:13 January 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 IEEE
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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