Hydrogenation and isomerization of propenylbenzene isomers over Pt/alumina

Bansal, A. and Jackson, S. D. (2022) Hydrogenation and isomerization of propenylbenzene isomers over Pt/alumina. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis, 135(3), pp. 1457-1468. (doi: 10.1007/s11144-022-02207-9)

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The hydrogenation and isomerization of the three isomeric propenylbenzenes, allylbenzene (AB), trans-β-methylstyrene (TBMS) and cis-β-methylstyrene (CBMS), in the liquid phase, was investigated over a 1% Pt/alumina catalyst at 313 K and 1 barg. When reacted individually, the cis-isomer gave the fastest rate of hydrogenation followed by AB, with the trans-isomer having the slowest rate giving a ratio of rates of CBMS:AB:TBMS of 57:19:1. All isomers gave high selectivity to phenylpropane, with isomerization controlled by thermodynamic constraints. Competitive hydrogenation revealed that AB adsorbed on a different site from CBMS and TBMS and that AB inhibited hydrogenation of the other two isomers. In contrast, isomerization was unaffected. These results indicate that AB adsorption limits the supply of hydrogen to the other isomers such that reductive elimination of the half-hydrogenated alkyl species to the alkane is depressed while β-elimination of the alkyl to give an olefin is not affected.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jackson, Professor David
Creator Roles:
Jackson, S. D.Supervision, Project administration, Formal analysis, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Bansal, A., and Jackson, S. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
ISSN (Online):1878-5204
Published Online:22 March 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis 135(3): 1457-1468
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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