Automated characterisation of glaciomarine sediments using X-ray computed laminography

McDonald, N., Bradwell, T., Callard, S. L., Toney, J. L. , Shreeve, B. and Shreeve, J. (2022) Automated characterisation of glaciomarine sediments using X-ray computed laminography. Quaternary Science Advances, 5, p. 100046. (doi: 10.1016/j.qsa.2021.100046)

[img] Text
265838.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



This study investigates the potential of a new high-resolution, non-destructive, X-ray imaging technique for the Quaternary Sciences – computed laminography (CL). Greyscale properties are systematically extracted from digital X-radiographic CL images of cored glaciomarine sediments to analyse and characterise sediments at pixel-scale resolution (<0.1 mm). We show how this can be achieved manually, and also with an easy-to-use, automated statistical tool which we have devised specifically for use in glaciomarine sediments. This Sediment Characteristics tool, in the form of a plugin for the freely available FIJI/ImageJ programme, extracts mean or median X-ray grey values (GV) – a proxy for sediment density; and associated standard deviation (SD) – a proxy for sediment heterogeneity – at sub-mm resolution, across the width of sediment core CL images. We demonstrate how these properties (GV and SD) can be directly used to characterise sediment properties and in particular to quantify the abundance of gravel clasts, or ice-rafted debris, in cored glaciomarine sediments. The tool’s effectiveness is compared with other, more traditional, X-radiographic methods for counting ice-rafted gravel clasts in glaciomarine sediment. We propose that the CL output and Sediment Characteristics tool also have the potential to quantitatively analyse other 3-dimensional structures, such as cyclic lamination (varve) geometry; deformation structures; bioturbation and void space (porosity). Finally, we present the raw code, allowing open-access, transparency and reproducibility in other formats.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Collection of the marine cores used in this work was funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council consortium grant BRITICECHRONO NE/J009768/1. We thank the BGS Marine Operations team and NOC/NMFSS coring team for their help during JC123. We also thank the master and crew of the RRS James Cook (JC123). This work was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council as part of an IAPETUS2 Doctoral Training Partnership (N. McDonald).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Toney, Professor Jaime
Authors: McDonald, N., Bradwell, T., Callard, S. L., Toney, J. L., Shreeve, B., and Shreeve, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Quaternary Science Advances
ISSN (Online):2666-0334
Published Online:02 December 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Quaternary Science Advances 5:100046
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record