Generating internal feedback from self and peer review – A summary

Swingler, M., Nicol, D. and Morrow, L. (2022) Generating internal feedback from self and peer review – A summary. TILE Network Seminar, University of Glasgow (online), 26 January 2022.

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Peer review not only results in students receiving additional feedback from peers, but they also compare (i.e. self-assess) their own work against the work they are reviewing and generate internal feedback out of those comparisons. The aim of this study was to make explicit the internal feedback that naturally occurs during peer review and self-review in order to examine it, including the effects of different comparisons on the type of internal feedback students generate. Students anonymously reviewed 3 pieces of work via an established online peer review tool. Two of these online submissions were from their peers, and one was an exemplar written by the teacher. In the first study, after each peer review, students were prompted by the instructions to compare their own work against a rubric (the same rubric used to review their peers’ work). In the second study, after each peer review, students were prompted to make deliberate comparisons of their work with other students’ work. After both, students were asked to write down what they learned (their self-review comments). Both cohorts then received feedback comments from their peers on their work. Self-review comments were analysed for content, process and self-regulatory feedback. Analysis revealed qualitative differences between the two types of comparisons in the extent of content, process and self-regulatory feedback that students generated, and in the degree of elaboration in their responses to the prompts. Students’ perceptions of the contribution of the review process to their learning were also evaluated using a quantitative questionnaire, open ended questions and focus groups. The findings show that while the process of ‘reviewing and commenting’ is perceived as challenging, students believe they learn more from comparing, reflecting and generating feedback for themselves than from receiving feedback comments. The results will be discussed in terms of the use of peer review as a method to generate internal feedback and how different kinds of comparisons can alter the nature and quality of this internal feedback. We end by briefly discussing these results in the light of other recent research on feedback comparisons that builds on this work.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Swingler, Dr Maxine and Nicol, Professor David and Morrow, Dr Lorna
Authors: Swingler, M., Nicol, D., and Morrow, L.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
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