Cross-country and gender differences in factors associated with population-level declines in adolescent life satisfaction

Marquez, J., Inchley, J. and Long, E. (2022) Cross-country and gender differences in factors associated with population-level declines in adolescent life satisfaction. Child Indicators Research, 15(4), pp. 1405-1428. (doi: 10.1007/s12187-022-09930-8)

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Abstract

Adolescent subjective well-being, including life satisfaction, has shown declines at national level across many countries in recent years. Although several possible explanatory factors have been identified, there is a lack of research on whether these may be similar or different across countries. Using data on 15-year-old adolescents from the Programme for International Student Assessment study in Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the United States, Japan, Ireland and France in 2015 and 2018, we find that changes in school well-being and, to a lesser extent, the use of Information and Communication Technologies and material well-being were associated with observed declines in life satisfaction. Although there are similarities across some countries, cross-country differences in factors associated with decreasing life satisfaction emerged, notably between Western nations and Japan, with some gender differences also evident.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Marquez was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (grant number ES/V012002/1). Long was supported by the Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00022/1, MR/S015078/1) and the Chief Scientifist Office of the Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate (SPHSU16). Inchley was supported by the Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00022/3) and the Chief Scientifist Office of the Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate (SPHSU18).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Long, Dr Emily and Inchley, Dr Joanna and Marquez, Mr Jose
Authors: Marquez, J., Inchley, J., and Long, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Child Indicators Research
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1874-897X
ISSN (Online):1874-8988
Published Online:21 February 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Authors
First Published:First published in Child Indicators Research 15(4): 1405-1428
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
3048231Complexity in healthSharon SimpsonMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_00022/1HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Complexity in healthSharon SimpsonChief Scientist Office (CSO)SPHSU16HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Relationships and healthKirstin MitchellMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_00022/3HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
3048231Relationships and healthKirstin MitchellChief Scientist Office (CSO)SPHSU18HW - MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit