Potential economic benefits of eliminating canine rabies

Shwiff, S., Hampson, K. and Anderson, A. (2013) Potential economic benefits of eliminating canine rabies. Antiviral Research, 98(2), pp. 352-356. (doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.03.004) (PMID:23499650)

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Although canine rabies has been eliminated from industrialized countries, infected dogs remain the primary source of human and livestock exposures in Asia, Africa and much of South America. Human deaths are the most important direct economic impact of canine rabies, followed by livestock losses and the cost of PEP, while expenses associated with dog vaccination and control are major indirect impacts. The global burden of rabies disproportionately affects Asia, which experiences more than half of human rabies deaths and approximately 65% of livestock losses, and performs more than 90% of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). Africa is second to Asia in terms of human deaths and livestock losses, but administers the least number of PEPs of the three regions. Recent experience in Latin America shows that efforts to reduce human deaths from rabies through expanded dog vaccination and improved access to PEP result in significant monetary savings. The elimination of canine rabies would lead to major economic benefits in developing countries that are often the least capable of dealing with the disease. This article forms part of a symposium in Antiviral Research on the elimination of canine rabies.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hampson, Professor Katie
Authors: Shwiff, S., Hampson, K., and Anderson, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Antiviral Research
ISSN (Online):1872-9096
Published Online:13 March 2013

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