Socially entrepreneurial behaviour of multinational companies: are MNCs 'social entrepreneurs'?

Tasavori, M. and Sinkovics, R. R. (2011) Socially entrepreneurial behaviour of multinational companies: are MNCs 'social entrepreneurs'? In: Hutson, E., Sinkovics, R. R. and Berrill, J. (eds.) Firm-Level Internationalization, Regionalism and Globalization: Strategy, Performance and Institutional Change. Palgrave Macmillan: London, pp. 397-411. ISBN 9780230289970 (doi: 10.1057/9780230305106_23)

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Multinational corporations (MNCs) have been recognized as the key agents of globalization. Rugman and Verbeke (2004) highlight the fact that most MNCs’ sales are within their home region, namely in North America, the European Union and Asia. On the other hand, Dunning and Lundan (2008) emphasize that MNCs are deemed to be not only bringers of economic development but also agents of social well-being, especially in less developed countries. Thus, a growing number of MNCs are altering their strategies to play a substantial role as regional agents to solve social challenges. They are embracing a new approach to corporate social responsibility (CSR) by reformulating their CSR activities. They identify social problems, not as a challenge to be avoided, but as a profitable opportunity that can be seized. Among various social problems, this paper will focus on poverty, which has inspired MNCs’ efforts in less developed countries (London and Hart, 2004; Prahalad, 2009). For instance, the bottom of the pyramid (BOP) approach explains the new strategy for implementing social responsibility and poverty reduction as well as making profit. In his seminal book, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Prahalad (2004) provides examples of pioneering MNCs in emerging markets that have modified their businesses and processes. As in many emerging fields, most of the examples and case studies about the innovative initiatives of MNCs in offering sustainable solutions to social hurdles are fragmented and there have been few attempts to provide a theoretical explanation. Thus, this research aims to bridge this gap by borrowing the literature from entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship domains.

Item Type:Book Sections
Keywords:Social entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, corporate social responsibility, CSR, bottom of the pyramid (BOP).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sinkovics, Professor Rudolf
Authors: Tasavori, M., and Sinkovics, R. R.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan

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