Upstream internationalization process: roles of social capital in creating exploratory capability and market performance

Lew, Y. K., Sinkovics, R. R. and Kuivalainen, O. (2013) Upstream internationalization process: roles of social capital in creating exploratory capability and market performance. International Business Review, 22(6), pp. 1101-1120. (doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.03.001)

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This paper investigates to what extent resource governance of international ventures affects dynamic capability and market performance in the high-tech firms’ internationalization process. We examine the non-equity-based international network collaborations of high-tech firms as forms of strategic resource seeking within the internationalization process. Within the context of upstream technology collaborations by international software and hardware firms, this paper proposes and empirically examines the impact of resource governance mechanisms (i.e. trust-building and behavioral monitoring) on the exploratory capabilities of firms. The findings indicate that building trust in the internationalization process of network ventures contributes to the firm-level exploratory capabilities and, in turn, market performance. Furthermore, this paper tests the moderating effects of structural capital on the capability–performance relationship. The relationship is stronger when network relationships existed before the inception of the international technology alliance. We also find a negative moderating effect from the existence of an actual alliance and from network duration on the relationship between exploratory capability and market performance. To this end, the longevity of the alliance may not always be something firms should aim for. The paper highlights the criticality of relational and structural capital in the internationalization process and the importance of exploratory capability for creating radical innovation in high-tech industries.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Exploratory capability, market performance, network tie, social capital, trust, upstream internationalization.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sinkovics, Professor Rudolf
Authors: Lew, Y. K., Sinkovics, R. R., and Kuivalainen, O.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Management
Journal Name:International Business Review
ISSN (Online):1873-6149
Published Online:11 April 2013

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