Factors enabling comprehensive maternal health services in the benefits package of emerging financing schemes: a cross-sectional analysis from 1990 to 2014

Vargas, V., Ahmed, S. and Adams, A. M. (2018) Factors enabling comprehensive maternal health services in the benefits package of emerging financing schemes: a cross-sectional analysis from 1990 to 2014. PLoS ONE, 13(9), e0201398. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201398) (PMID:30252840) (PMCID:PMC6155500)

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Introduction: Maternal delivery is the costliest event during pregnancy, especially if a complicated delivery occurs that requires emergency hospital services. A health financing scheme or program that covers comprehensive maternal services, including specialized hospital services in the benefits health package, enhances maternal survival and improves financial risk protection. Objectives: The objective of this study is to identify factors that enable the inclusion of comprehensive maternal services in the benefits package of emerging health financing schemes in low and middle-income countries across selected world regions. Comprehensive care is presumed if, in addition to normal delivery, primary health care, and secondary or tertiary hospital care are included. Methods: Multilevel regression analysis is performed on 220 health financing schemes and programs initiated during the period 1990–2014, in 40 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Findings: About two-thirds of emerging health financing schemes explicitly include maternal care in the benefits package, and less-than-half cover comprehensive maternal services. Provision of any type of maternal services and comprehensive services is significantly associated with the presence of donors/philanthropies as funders, and beneficiaries possessing an ID card that links them to entitled services. Other enabling factors are prepayment and risk pooling. However, private and community insurances are negatively associated with covering comprehensive maternal services, because they are subject to market failures, such as adverse and risk selection. Conclusions: Emerging health financing schemes in low and upper-middle-income countries lag in coverage of maternal care. Advancing financial protection of these services in the health package needs policy attention, including government oversight and mandatory regulations. The enabling factors identified can enrich the ongoing discourse on Universal Health Coverage.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ahmed, Dr Sayem
Authors: Vargas, V., Ahmed, S., and Adams, A. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Health & Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Vargas et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 13(9): e0201398
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.7910/DVN/LCUY0U

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