Safety and efficacy of the tumor-selective adenovirus enadenotucirev with or without paclitaxel in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer: a phase 1 clinical trial

Moreno, V. et al. (2021) Safety and efficacy of the tumor-selective adenovirus enadenotucirev with or without paclitaxel in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer: a phase 1 clinical trial. Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer, 9(12), e003645. (doi: 10.1136/jitc-2021-003645) (PMID:34893524) (PMCID:PMC8666888)

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Background: Treatment outcomes remain poor in recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. Enadenotucirev, a tumor-selective and blood stable adenoviral vector, has demonstrated a manageable safety profile in phase 1 studies in epithelial solid tumors. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, open-label, phase 1 dose-escalation and dose-expansion study (OCTAVE) to assess enadenotucirev plus paclitaxel in patients with platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer. During phase 1a, the maximum tolerated dose of intraperitoneally administered enadenotucirev monotherapy (three doses; days 1, 8 and 15) was assessed using a 3+3 dose-escalation model. Phase 1b included a dose-escalation and an intravenous dosing dose-expansion phase assessing enadenotucirev plus paclitaxel. For phase 1a/b, the primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose of enadenotucirev (with paclitaxel in phase 1b). In the dose-expansion phase, the primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Additional endpoints included response rate and T-cell infiltration. Results: Overall, 38 heavily pretreated patients were enrolled and treated. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed at any doses. However, frequent catheter complications led to the discontinuation of intraperitoneal dosing during phase 1b. Intravenous enadenotucirev (1×1012 viral particles; days 1, 3 and 5 every 28-days for two cycles) plus paclitaxel (80 mg/m2; days 9, 16 and 23 of each cycle) was thus selected for dose-expansion. Overall, 24/38 (63%) patients experienced at least 1 Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE); most frequently neutropenia (21%). Six patients discontinued treatment due to TEAEs, including one patient due to a grade 2 treatment-emergent serious AE of catheter site infection (intraperitoneal enadenotucirev monotherapy). Among the 20 patients who received intravenous enadenotucirev plus paclitaxel, 4-month PFS rate was 64% (median 6.2 months), objective response rate was 10%, 35% of patients achieved stable disease and 65% of patients had a reduction in target lesion burden at ≥1 time point. Five out of six patients with matched pre-treatment and post-treatment biopsies treated with intravenous enadenotucirev plus paclitaxel had increased (mean 3.1-fold) infiltration of CD8 +T cells in post-treatment biopsies. Conclusions: Intravenously dosed enadenotucirev plus paclitaxel demonstrated manageable tolerability, an encouraging median PFS and increased tumor immune-cell infiltration in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. Trial registration number: NCT02028117.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was funded by PsiOxus Therapeutics Ltd.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mcneish, Professor Iain and Roxburgh, Dr Patricia
Authors: Moreno, V., Barretina-Ginesta, M.-P., García-Donas, J., Jayson, G. C., Roxburgh, P., Vázquez, R. M., Michael, A., Antón-Torres, A., Brown, R., Krige, D., Champion, B., and McNeish, I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):2051-1426
Published Online:10 December 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 9(12): e003645
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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