Insights from a dyslexia simulation font: can we simulate reading struggles of individuals with dyslexia?

Stark, Z., Franzen, L. and Johnson, A. P. (2022) Insights from a dyslexia simulation font: can we simulate reading struggles of individuals with dyslexia? Dyslexia, 28(2), pp. 228-243. (doi: 10.1002/dys.1704) (PMID:34854169)

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Individuals with dyslexia struggle at explaining what it is like to have dyslexia and how they perceive letters and words differently. This led the designer Daniel Britton to create a font that aims to simulate the perceptual experience of how effortful reading can be for individuals with dyslexia ( This font removes forty percent of each character stroke with the aim of increasing reading effort, and in turn empathy and understanding for individuals with dyslexia. However, its efficacy has not yet been empirically tested. In the present study, we compared participants without dyslexia reading texts in the dyslexia simulation font to a group of individuals with dyslexia reading the same texts in Times New Roman font. Results suggest that the simulation font amplifies the struggle of reading, surpassing that experienced by adults with dyslexia-as reflected in increased reading time and overall number of eye movements in the majority of typical readers reading in the simulation font. Future research could compare the performance of the Daniel Britton simulation font against a sample of beginning readers with dyslexia as well as seek to design and empirically test an adapted simulation font with an increased preserved percentage of letter strokes [Correction added on 10 December 2021, after initial online publication. Abstract has been added].

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding information: Fonds de Recherche du Québec-Société et Culture, Grant/Award Number: 282985; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Grant/Award Number: 30009701.
Keywords:Dyslexia, type font, reading, eye movements, adult, dyslexia simulation.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Franzen, Mr Leon
Authors: Stark, Z., Franzen, L., and Johnson, A. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Dyslexia
ISSN (Online):1099-0909
Published Online:01 December 2021
Data DOI:10.17605/OSF.IO/USXAM

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