Analysis of Yawning Behaviour in Spontaneous Expressions of Drowsy Drivers

Jie, Z., Mahmoud, M. , Stafford-Fraser, Q., Robinson, P., Dias, E. and Skrypchuk, L. (2018) Analysis of Yawning Behaviour in Spontaneous Expressions of Drowsy Drivers. In: 2018 13th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition (FG 2018), Xi'an, China, 15-19 May 2018, pp. 571-576. ISBN 9781538623350 (doi: 10.1109/FG.2018.00091)

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Driver fatigue is one of the main causes of road accidents. It is essential to develop a reliable driver drowsiness detection system which can alert drivers without disturbing them and is robust to environmental changes. This paper explores yawning behaviour as a sign of drowsiness in spontaneous expressions of drowsy drivers in simulated driving scenarios. We analyse a labelled dataset of videos of sleep-deprived versus alert drivers and demonstrate the correlation between hand-over-face touches, face occlusions and yawning. We propose that face touches can be used as a novel cue in automated drowsiness detection alongside yawning and eye behaviour. Moreover, we present an automatic approach to detect yawning based on extracting geometric and appearance features of both mouth and eye regions. Our approach successfully detects both hand-covered and uncovered yawns with an accuracy of 95%. Ultimately, our goal is to use these results in designing a hybrid drowsiness-detection system.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Additional Information:The work presented in this paper was funded and supported by Jaguar Land Rover, Coventry, UK.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mahmoud, Dr Marwa
Authors: Jie, Z., Mahmoud, M., Stafford-Fraser, Q., Robinson, P., Dias, E., and Skrypchuk, L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science

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