Estimating nocturnal stroke onset times by magnetic resonance imaging in the WAKE-UP trial

Cheng, B. et al. (2022) Estimating nocturnal stroke onset times by magnetic resonance imaging in the WAKE-UP trial. International Journal of Stroke, 17(3), pp. 323-330. (doi: 10.1177/17474930211059608) (PMID:34791943)

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Background Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences have gained a role to guide treatment of patients with unknown time of stroke symptom onset. Evolution of signal intensities in FLAIR is associated with time since stroke onset with continuous linear increases. Aims Estimating symptom onset during night-sleep in patients from the WAKE-UP trial based on relative signal intensities FLAIR (FLAIR-rSI) from acute stroke lesions an independent dataset (PRE-FLAIR study). Methods FLAIR-rSI was quantified in stroke lesions in PRE-FLAIR and WAKE-UP. The PRE-FLAIR study was a multicenter observational trial establishing FLAIR as a surrogate parameter for time since stroke onset. WAKE-UP was a randomized controlled trial that revealed a benefit for alteplase in patients selected based on a DWI-FLAIR mismatch. Stroke onset times were recorded in PRE-FLAIR and used to fit a linear regression model with FLAIR-rSI, adjusted for patient age and lesion volume. The model was applied to FLAIR-rSI of stroke lesions to estimate onset times in those patients enrolled in WAKE-UP who had symptom onset during night-sleep. Results FLAIR-rSI was quantified in 399 patients from PRE-FLAIR. Linear regression indicated a significant association of age ( p = 0.001), lesion volume ( p = 0.005) and FLAIR-rSI ( p < 0.001) with time since symptom onset (adjusted R2 = 0.179). In 813 patients from WAKE-UP, distribution of times of last seen well, symptom recognition and MRI examination were recorded. Median times of last seen well were 1 h before midnight (IQR 2.4 h) and symptom recognition 7 h after midnight (IRQ 2.2 h). Based on the FLAIR-rSI profiles, we estimated median stroke onset 6.1 h after midnight (IQR 2.7 h). Conclusion Nocturnal strokes during night-sleep may predominantly occur during the early morning hours. Our results are in line with evidence of characteristic diurnal patterns of cardiovascular events.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Muir, Professor Keith and Schlemm, Dr Eckhard
Authors: Cheng, B., Pinnschmidt, H., Königsberg, A., Schlemm, E., Boutitie, F., Ebinger, M., Endres, M., Fiebach, J. B., Fiehler, J., Galinovic, I., Lemmens, R., Muir, K. W., Pedraza, S., Puig, J., Simonsen, C. Z., Thijs, V., Wouters, A., Gerloff, C., and Thomalla, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:International Journal of Stroke
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):1747-4949
Published Online:18 November 2021

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