Effective Rating Prediction Using an Attention-Based User Review Sentiment Model

Wang, X., Ounis, I. and Macdonald, C. (2022) Effective Rating Prediction Using an Attention-Based User Review Sentiment Model. In: 44th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR 2022), Stavanger, Norway, 10-14 Apr 2022, pp. 487-501. ISBN 9783030997366 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-99736-6_33)

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We propose a new sentiment information-based attention mechanism that helps to identify user reviews that are more likely to enhance the accuracy of a rating prediction model. We hypothesis that highly polarised reviews (strongly positive or negative) are better indicators of the users’ preferences and that this sentiment polarity information helps to identify the usefulness of reviews. Hence, we introduce a novel neural network rating prediction model, called SentiAttn, which includes both the proposed sentiment attention mechanism as well as a global attention mechanism that captures the importance of different parts of the reviews. We show how the concatenation of the positive and negative users’ and items’ reviews as input to SentiAttn, results in different architectures with various channels. We investigate if we can improve the performance of SentiAttn by fine-tuning different channel setups. We examine the performance of SentiAttn on two well-known datasets from Yelp and Amazon. Our results show that SentiAttn significantly outperforms a classical approach and four state-of-the-art rating prediction models. Moreover, we show the advantages of using the sentiment attention mechanism in the rating prediction task and its effectiveness in addressing the cold-start problem.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macdonald, Professor Craig and Wang, Mr Xi and Ounis, Professor Iadh
Authors: Wang, X., Ounis, I., and Macdonald, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Published Online:05 April 2022
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
First Published:First published in Advances in Information Retrieval. ECIR 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13185
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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