Comparative study of using multi-wall carbon nanotube and two different sizes of cerium oxide nanopowders as fuel additives under various diesel engine conditions

Zhang, Z., Lu, Y. , Wang, Y., Yu, X., Smallbone, A., Dong, C. and Roskilly, A. P. (2019) Comparative study of using multi-wall carbon nanotube and two different sizes of cerium oxide nanopowders as fuel additives under various diesel engine conditions. Fuel, 256, 115904. (doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.115904)

[img] Text
257825.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



This research reports the study of using Cerium oxide (CeO2) nano additive with two different sizes (25 nm and 50 nm) blended with standard diesel fuel (DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50) at various engine speed and load conditions. Moreover, carbon nanotube (CNT) is employed as a single additive (DF-CNT). Results indicate that the in-cylinder pressure of DF-CNT is slightly lower than that of DF under the most conditions due to more heat absorption during the evaporation process. In contrast, the in-cylinder pressure of DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50 is higher than that of DF at relatively low speed due to the improved fuel spray and faster combustion. In terms of emissions, all fuels with nano-additives are overall lower than DF. DF-CNT can reduce CO, HC, NOx and PN by 20%, 22.6%, 21% and 5.5% respectively compared with DF, due to its improved spray and lower combustion temperature. Meanwhile, DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50 produce the overall higher level of emissions of CO, NOx and HC than DF-CNT except for PN. A minimum engine (load-speed) limit and a maximum engine limit are found for CO emissions. Furthermore, DF-Ce25 emits higher NOx and lower HC than DF-Ce50, because CeO2 of 25 nm has a higher reaction rate of CeO2 due to its larger surface area and in return hinders the reaction of Ce2O3. The difference of PN emissions between the two sizes of CeO2 is the comprehensive result of the oxidization of particulate matters and the aggregation of unburnt fuel.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to thank the supports by EPSRC through (EP/K503885/1) for the project Study of engine waste heat technologies and the grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant number No. 51806189. The authors also would like to thank the supports from NSFC-RS Joint Project under the grant number No. 5151101443 and IE/151256, from EPSRC through (EP/ P001173/1) – Centre for Energy Systems Integration. The first author also would like to thank for sponsorship towards the PhD study from the SAgE doctoral Training Award under grant number NH/140671210 and financial support from the Chinese Scholarship Council under No. 201508060054.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lu, Dr Yiji
Authors: Zhang, Z., Lu, Y., Wang, Y., Yu, X., Smallbone, A., Dong, C., and Roskilly, A. P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Fuel
ISSN (Online):1873-7153
Published Online:05 August 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Fuel 256:115904
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record