Study on a liquid cooled battery thermal management system pertaining to the transient regime

Huang, Y., Wang, S., Lu, Y. , Huang, R. and Yu, X. (2020) Study on a liquid cooled battery thermal management system pertaining to the transient regime. Applied Thermal Engineering, 180, 115793. (doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115793)

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The research on battery thermal management systems in a transient and ultimate perspective is important to maintain the battery temperature within a reasonable range and save energy. In the present study, the transient and ultimate behaviors in a battery module consisting of 48 cells cooled by liquid are considered as the main focus. A lumped mass model with cold plate cooling design is developed to simulate battery module cooling performance. The results suggest that there is a cooling cap upper limit for a cold plate cooling system. When the inlet mass flow rate of the cold plate reaches a certain range, the cooling effect will not be improved obviously any more. The optimal Reynolds number for the designed cold plate and module is 475. In addition, there is a cooling hysteresis time for the indirect cooling structure. When the inlet flow rate increases suddenly, the surface temperature of the cells does not immediately decrease. For example, even with the discharge rate is 1C, the delay time is up to 66.37 s. Therefore, when considering precise control strategies of a battery thermal management system, the dynamic empirical correlations proposed by this study can offer some useful guidance.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The research project has been funded by the National Science Foundation of China (Grant number 91741203). The authors would also like to appreciate the support by Royal Academy of Engineering through the Transforming Systems through Partnerships program (Grant number TSP1098) and the Newton Fund Innovation Partnership (Grant number 201703780098).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lu, Dr Yiji and Huang, Rui
Authors: Huang, Y., Wang, S., Lu, Y., Huang, R., and Yu, X.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Applied Thermal Engineering
Published Online:30 July 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Applied Thermal Engineering 180:115793
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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