Household cooking fuel estimates at global and country level for 1990 to 2030

Stoner, O. , Lewis, J., Martínez, I. L., Gumy, S., Economou, T. and Adair-Rohani, H. (2021) Household cooking fuel estimates at global and country level for 1990 to 2030. Nature Communications, 12, 5793. (doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-26036-x) (PMID:34608147) (PMCID:PMC8490351)

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Household air pollution generated from the use of polluting cooking fuels and technologies is a major source of disease and environmental degradation in low- and middle-income countries. Using a novel modelling approach, we provide detailed global, regional and country estimates of the percentages and populations mainly using 6 fuel categories (electricity, gaseous fuels, kerosene, biomass, charcoal, coal) and overall polluting/clean fuel use – from 1990-2020 and with urban/rural disaggregation. Here we show that 53% of the global population mainly used polluting cooking fuels in 1990, dropping to 36% in 2020. In urban areas, gaseous fuels currently dominate, with a growing reliance on electricity; in rural populations, high levels of biomass use persist alongside increasing use of gaseous fuels. Future projections of observed trends suggest 31% will still mainly use polluting fuels in 2030, including over 1 billion people in Sub-Saharan African by 2025.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from an ESRC Impact Accelerator Award [ES/T501906/1] (Sub-Award) Knowledge Exchange Fellowship awarded to Oliver Stoner. The financial support of ESMAP is also gratefully acknowledged. ESMAP is a partnership between the World Bank and partners to help low- and middle-income countries reduce poverty and boost growth through sustainable energy solutions. Theo Economou has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 856612 and the Cyprus Government.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Stoner, Dr Oliver
Authors: Stoner, O., Lewis, J., Martínez, I. L., Gumy, S., Economou, T., and Adair-Rohani, H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Nature Communications
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN (Online):2041-1723
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nature Communications 12: 5793
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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