Quantifying institutional reach through the human network in natural history collections

Shorthouse, D. P. and Page, R. (2019) Quantifying institutional reach through the human network in natural history collections. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards, 3, e35243. (doi: 10.3897/biss.3.35243)

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Through the Bloodhound proof-of-concept, https://bloodhound-tracker.net an international audience of collectors and determiners of natural history specimens are engaged in the emotive act of claiming their specimens and attributing other specimens to living and deceased mentors and colleagues. Behind the scenes, these claims build links between Open Researcher and Contributor Identifiers (ORCID, https://orcid.org) or Wikidata identifiers for people and Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) specimen identifiers, predicated by the Darwin Core terms, recordedBy (collected) and identifiedBy (determined). Here we additionally describe the socio-technical challenge in unequivocally resolving people names in legacy specimen data and propose lightweight and reusable solutions. The unique identifiers for the affiliations of active researchers are obtained from ORCID whereas the unique identifiers for institutions where specimens are actively curated are resolved through Wikidata. By constructing closed loops of links between person, specimen, and institution, an interesting suite of potential metrics emerges, all due to the activities of employees and their network of professional relationships. This approach balances a desire for individuals to receive formal recognition for their efforts in natural history collections with that of an institutional-level need to alter budgets in response to easily obtained numeric trends in national and international reach. If handled in a coordinating fashion, this reporting technique may be a significant new driver for specimen digitization efforts on par with Altmetric, https://www.altmetric.com, an important new tool that tracks the impact of publications and delights administrators and authors alike.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Page, Professor Roderic
Authors: Shorthouse, D. P., and Page, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Biodiversity Information Science and Standards
Publisher:Pensoft Publishers
ISSN (Online):2535-0897
Copyright Holders:This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC0 Public Domain Dedication
First Published:First published in Biodiversity Information Science and Standards 3: e35243
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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