Colonizing workers: labor, race, and U.S. military governance in the Southern Philippines

Charbonneau, O. (2021) Colonizing workers: labor, race, and U.S. military governance in the Southern Philippines. Modern American History, 4(1), pp. 25-47. (doi: 10.1017/mah.2021.4)

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Management of labor was central to articulating and constructing U.S. colonialism in the southern Philippines. Governed by American military officers for fifteen years (1899–1914), the major island of Mindanao and those of the Sulu Archipelago became sites of intensive race management efforts. Colonial officials identified racialized Muslim and Lumad societies as out of step with the modern world of work and developed myriad programs to address this “problem,” including mandatory service on public works projects, carceral labor, industrial education, and directed markets. Unevenly applied and frequently contested, these initiatives generated a range of responses from local actors. The drive to create disciplined laborers through incentive, coercion, and violence shaped state building in the region and linked it to preoccupations with work and racial reform in other U.S. imperial possessions and the wider colonized world.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Charbonneau, Dr Oliver
Authors: Charbonneau, O.
Subjects:D History General and Old World > DS Asia
E History America > E11 America (General)
E History America > E151 United States (General)
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Journal Name:Modern American History
Journal Abbr.:MAH
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN (Online):2397-1851
Published Online:29 March 2021

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