Comparison of Design Features of Quadrotor Aircraft and Helicopters from the Point of View of Flight Performance

Han, D. and Barakos, G. N. (2021) Comparison of Design Features of Quadrotor Aircraft and Helicopters from the Point of View of Flight Performance. 47th European Rotorcraft Forum, 07-09 Sep 2021.

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Blade flapping, control methods and rotor/rotor aerodynamic interference are some of the main differences between quadrotor aircraft and helicopters. To investigate these differences in flight performance of square formation quadrotor aircraft, a performance prediction model, including a validated rotor model, an aerodynamic model, and a propulsive trim model, is used. The square formation quadrotor aircraft with variable blade pitch or rotor speed as control means are analyzed. Compared with a helicopter rotor, from low to medium speed flight, the aerodynamic interference between the front and rear rotors dominates the power difference between quadrotors and helicopters. At high speed flight, the blade flapping and aerodynamic interference can lead to increased power, and the blade flapping can be more pronounced. Applying cyclic pitch controls in quadrotor aircraft can effectively control the blade flapping, reduce the rotor power, and increase the maximum forward speed. In general, the overall rotor power consumption of quadrotor aircraft is larger than the equivalent helicopter rotor.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item
Additional Information:This work is supported from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11972181), the Open Research Foundation of the Key Rotor Aerodynamics Laboratory (2005RAL20200104) and the Six Talent Peaks Project in Jiangsu Province (GDZB-013).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barakos, Professor George
Authors: Han, D., and Barakos, G. N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Autonomous Systems and Connectivity
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in 47th European Rotorcraft Forum
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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