Eye movements and lexical ambiguity resolution: Investigating the subordinate-bias effect

Sereno, S.C. , O'Donnell, P.J. and Rayner, K. (2006) Eye movements and lexical ambiguity resolution: Investigating the subordinate-bias effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32(2), pp. 335-350. (doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.32.2.335) (PMID:16634674)

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Recent debates on lexical ambiguity resolution have centered on the subordinate-bias effect, in which reading time is longer on a biased ambiguous word in a subordinate-biasing context than on a control word. The nature of the control word--namely, whether it matched the frequency of the ambiguous word's overall word form or its contextually instantiated word meaning (a higher or lower frequency word, respectively)--was examined. In addition, contexts that were singularly supportive of the ambiguous word's subordinate meaning were used. Eye movements were recorded as participants read contextually biasing passages that contained an ambiguous word target or a word-form or word-meaning control. A comparison of fixation times on the 2 control words revealed a significant effect of word frequency. Fixation times on the ambiguous word generally fell between those on the 2 controls and were significantly different than both. Results are discussed in relation to the reordered access model, in which both meaning frequency and prior context affect access procedures

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sereno, Dr Sara
Authors: Sereno, S.C., O'Donnell, P.J., and Rayner, K.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Publisher:American Psychological Association
ISSN (Online):1939-1277

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