New insights into mechanisms of sunlight- and dark-mediated high-temperature accelerated diurnal production-degradation of fluorescent DOM in lake waters

Yang, X. et al. (2021) New insights into mechanisms of sunlight- and dark-mediated high-temperature accelerated diurnal production-degradation of fluorescent DOM in lake waters. Science of the Total Environment, 760, 143377. (doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143377)

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The production of fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) by phytoplankton and its subsequent degradation, both of which occur constantly under diurnal-day time sunlight and by night time dark-microbial respiration processes in the upper layer of surface waters, influence markedly several biogeochemical processes and functions in aquatic environments and can be feasibly related to global warming (GW). In this work sunlight-mediated high-temperature was shown to accelerate the production of FDOM, but also its complete disappearance over a 24-h diurnal period in July at the highest air and water temperatures (respectively, 41.1 and 33.5 °C), differently from lower temperature months. Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), an early-state DOM, were produced by phytoplankton in July in the early morning (6:00–9:00), then they were degraded into four FDOM components over midday (10:00–15:00), which was followed by simultaneous production and almost complete degradation of FDOM with reformation of EPS during the night (2:00–6:00). Such transformations occurred simultaneously with the fluctuating production of nutrients, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and the two isotopes (δ15N and δ18O) of NO3−. It was estimated that complete degradation of FDOM in July was associated with mineralization of approximately 15% of the initial DOC, which showed a nighttime minimum (00:00) in comparison to a maximum at 13:00. FDOM identified by excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy combined with parallel factor analysis consisted of EPS, autochthonous humic-like substances (AHLS) of C- and M-types, a combined form of C- and M-types of AHLS, protein-like substances (PLS), newly-released PLS, tryptophan-like substances, tyrosine-like substances (TYLS), a combined form of TYLS and phenylalanine-like substances (PALS), and their degradation products. Finally, stepwise degradation and production processes are synthesized in a pathway for FDOM components production and their subsequent transformation under different diurnal temperature conditions, which provided a broader paradigm for future impacts on GW-mediated DOM dynamics in lake water.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ellam, Professor Rob
Authors: Yang, X., Yuan, J., Yue, F.-J., Li, S.-L., Wang, B., Mohinuzzaman, M., Liu, Y., Senesi, N., Lao, X., Li, L., Liu, C.-Q., Ellam, R. M., Vione, D., and Mostofa, K. M.G.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Science of the Total Environment
ISSN (Online):1879-1026
Published Online:05 November 2020

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