Noise source analysis in counter rotating open rotors

Smith, D. A. , Filippone, A. and Barakos, G. N. (2022) Noise source analysis in counter rotating open rotors. AIAA Journal, 60(3), pp. 1783-1796. (doi: 10.2514/1.J060886)

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Because of their potential to reduce aircraft emissions, counter-rotating open rotors (CRORs) have seen a renewed interest in applications, from civil aviation to urban air mobility. However, there are concerns surrounding their acoustic emissions. In the work presented, the authors investigated the noise sources for a range of CROR configurations for a general aviation class aircraft. Numerical models are used to compute the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance of these configurations. Further dissection of the various CROR noise sources is then carried out in order to better understand their contribution to CROR noise, and to direct the design of future low-noise CRORs. Noise reductions were observed when the rotor–rotor spacing was increased. Increased contraction of the wake requires the need for increased clipping to reduce the tip vortex interaction source. Noise reductions were also observed in the case of asynchronous rotational speeds. However, this was accompanied by a reduction in propulsive efficiency. Analysis of the CROR in nonaxial flight demonstrated the need to evaluate noise-reducing strategies at off-design conditions. Although the analysis proved the ability to reduce various CROR noise sources, it highlighted that tradeoffs with aerodynamic performance is necessary.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the use of the Cirrus UK National Tier-2 HPC Service at EPCC ( funded by the University of Edinburgh and EPSRC (EP/P020267/1). The authors would also like to acknowledge the assistance given by Research IT, and the use of The HPC Pool funded by the Research Life cycle Programme at The University of Manchester. This work also benefitted from the aeroacoustics research within the UK Acoustics Network, EPSRC Grant EP/V007866/1.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barakos, Professor George and Filippone, Dr Antonino and Smith, Dr Dale
Authors: Smith, D. A., Filippone, A., and Barakos, G. N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Autonomous Systems and Connectivity
Journal Name:AIAA Journal
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
ISSN (Online):1533-385X
Published Online:13 October 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc
First Published:First published in AIAA Journal 60(3): 1783-1796
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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