Varieties of post-civil war violence

Shaw, D. O. and Wedgwood Young, E. (2021) Varieties of post-civil war violence. Violence: An International Journal, 2(2), pp. 227-252. (doi: 10.1177/26330024211039864)

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Quantitative research on the “durability” of peace following civil wars typically captures the breakdown or survival of “peace” in a binary manner, equating it with the presence or absence of civil war recurrence. In the datasets that underpin such studies, years that do not experience full-scale civil war are implicitly coded as “peaceful.” Yet, post-civil war environments may remain free from war recurrence, while nevertheless experiencing endemic violent crime, state repression, low-intensity political violence, and systematic violence against marginalized groups, all of which are incongruent with the concept of peace. Approaches to assessing post-civil war outcomes which focus exclusively on civil war recurrence risk overestimating the “durability” of peace, implicitly designating as “peaceful” a range of environments which may be anything but. In this article, we discuss the heterogeneity of violent post-civil war outcomes and develop a typology of “varieties of post-civil war violence.” Our typology contributes to the study of post-civil war peace durability, by serving as the basis for an alternative, categorical conceptualization of “peace years” in conflict datasets.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shaw, Mr Daniel and Wedgwood Young, Enrique
Authors: Shaw, D. O., and Wedgwood Young, E.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences
Journal Name:Violence: An International Journal
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN (Online):2633-0032
Published Online:13 November 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Violence: An International Journal 2(2): 227-252
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303166Scottish Graduate School Science Doctoral Training Partnership (DTP)Mary Beth KneafseyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/P000681/1SS - Academic & Student Administration