Political participation and the Middle East migration state

Tsourapas, G. (2020) Political participation and the Middle East migration state. In: Meijer, R., Sater, J. N. and Babar, Z. R. (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Citizenship in the Middle East and North Africa. Series: Routledge handbooks. Routledge: Abingdon, Oxon, pp. 395-409. ISBN 9780367178932 (doi: 10.4324/9780429058288-33)

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Publisher's URL: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Citizenship-in-the-Middle-East-and-North-Africa/Meijer-Sater-Babar/p/book/9780367178932


Studies of citizenship in the Middle East have yet to fully examine how cross-border mobility may affect political participation in the country of origin. This chapter brings the literature on migration and state-diaspora relations in conversation with empirical work on the Middle East, in order to demonstrate how migration policy affects citizens’ political participation at three separate stages of their mobility: first, policies of exit regulate aspects related to emigration from the country of origin; second, overseas policies target citizens beyond the territorial boundaries of the nation state; finally, return policies set processes of readmission into the country of origin. The chapter’s empirical focus on five migration states in the Middle East – Libya, Syria, Egypt, Turkey, and Jordan – paints a more complex picture of non-democracies’ strategies towards cross-border mobility. The case selection aims to maximize variance in degree of authoritarianism, ranging from the Libyan and Syrian dictatorships to Jordan’s parliamentary monarchy and the hybrid regimes of Egypt and Turkey. I identify how each state developed multi-tiered policies, targeting different population groups at different stages of mobility, and discuss how the chapter’s theorization and argumentation may be carried forward in the future, as one that problematizes existing conceptualizations of citizenship and political participation in the Middle East.

Item Type:Book Sections
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tsourapas, Professor Gerasimos
Authors: Tsourapas, G.
Subjects:J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Published Online:24 November 2020

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