Closest model, rival and fateful enemy

Lee, J. (2019) Closest model, rival and fateful enemy. In: Baumler, A. (ed.) Routledge Handbook of Revolutionary China. Series: Routledge handbooks. Routledge: Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY, pp. 243-257. ISBN 9781138647558 (doi:10.4324/9781315626727-17)

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Abstract

The influence of late nineteenth and twentieth-century Japan on China is one of the more perplexing problems in modern Chinese history, owing to the frequency of overt hostility between the two countries across the centuries. In this chapter I argue that Japan’s influence on twentieth-century China rivaled that of the US and the Soviet Union. By tracing concrete Chinese adaptations in economic and information policies and in legal codes, I observe that the peak of Japanese influence came during the “New Policies” of the 1900s. However, despite the subsequent deterioration in relations and political inconvenience in recognizing Japanese influence, the legacy of these adaptations continued in quieter ways as a result of the continued competition with Japan. While imperialism was clearly a key factor, the chapter also emphasizes the self-driven nature of change, and Japan’s function in the eyes of China’s leaders as the most practical conduit for the import of Western ideas and techniques into the country.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lee, Dr Joyman
Authors: Lee, J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Law
Publisher:Routledge
ISBN:9781138647558
Published Online:30 August 2019

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