Identifying locations for new bike-sharing stations in Glasgow: an analysis of spatial equity and demand factors

Beairsto, J., Tian, Y., Zheng, L., Zhao, Q. and Hong, J. (2022) Identifying locations for new bike-sharing stations in Glasgow: an analysis of spatial equity and demand factors. Annals of GIS, 28(2), pp. 111-126. (doi: 10.1080/19475683.2021.1936172)

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Worldwide bike-sharing systems are growing in popularity as an alternative, environmentally friendly mode of transportation. As cities seek to further develop bike-sharing programmes, it is important to consider how systems should expand to simultaneously address existing inequalities in accessibility, and best serve demand. In this paper, we determine ideal locations for future bike-sharing stations in Glasgow, Scotland, by integrating demand modelling with accessibility considerations. We began by analysing the spatio-temporal trends of bike-sharing usage, and assessed the spatial equity of access to stations in Glasgow. To identify important determinants of bike-sharing demand, we ran an ordinary least squares regression model using bike sharing trip data from Nextbike Glasgow. We then quantifiably measured the level of spatial accessibility to stations by applying the two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) methodology and ran a GIS weighted overlay analysis using the significant determinants of station demand. Lastly, we combined the demand and accessibility results to determine where new stations should be located using a maximum covering location problem (MCLP) that maximized the population served. Our results show that distance from transit stations, distance from downtown, employment rates, and nearby cycling lanes are significant factors affecting station-level demand. Furthermore, levels of spatial access were found to be highest primarily in the centre and eastern neighbourhood of Glasgow. These findings aided in determining areas to prioritize for future station locations, and our methodology can easily be applied to other bike-share programmes with adjustments according to varying aims for system expansion.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hong, Dr Jinhyun and Zhao, Dr Qunshan
Authors: Beairsto, J., Tian, Y., Zheng, L., Zhao, Q., and Hong, J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Annals of GIS
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN (Online):1947-5691
Published Online:30 June 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Author(s).
First Published:First published in Annals of GIS 28(2): 111-126
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
190698Urban Big Data Research CentreNick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/L011921/1S&PS - Urban Big Data
304042UBDC Centre TransitionNick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/S007105/1S&PS - Administration