Revealing the structure of light pseudoscalar mesons at the electron-ion collider

Arrington, J. et al. (2021) Revealing the structure of light pseudoscalar mesons at the electron-ion collider. Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, 48(7), 075106. (doi: 10.1088/1361-6471/abf5c3)

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How the bulk of the Universe's visible mass emerges and how it is manifest in the existence and properties of hadrons are profound questions that probe into the heart of strongly interacting matter. Paradoxically, the lightest pseudoscalar mesons appear to be the key to the further understanding of the emergent mass and structure mechanisms. These mesons, namely the pion and kaon, are the Nambu-Goldstone boson modes of QCD. Unravelling their partonic structure and the interplay between emergent and Higgs-boson mass mechanisms is a common goal of three interdependent approaches -- continuum QCD phenomenology, lattice-regularised QCD, and the global analysis of parton distributions -- linked to experimental measurements of hadron structure. Experimentally, the foreseen electron-ion collider will enable a revolution in our ability to study pion and kaon structure, accessed by scattering from the ``meson cloud'' of the proton through the Sullivan process. With the goal of enabling a suite of measurements that can address these questions, we examine key reactions to identify the critical detector system requirements needed to map tagged pion and kaon cross sections over a wide range of kinematics. The excellent prospects for extracting pion structure function and form factor data are shown, and similar prospects for kaon structure are discussed in the context of a worldwide programme. Successful completion of the programme outlined herein will deliver deep, far-reaching insights into the emergence of pions and kaons, their properties, and their role as QCD's Goldstone boson modes.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Montgomery, Dr Rachel
Authors: Arrington, J., Gayoso, C. A., Barry, P. C., Berdnikov, V. V., Binosi, D., Chang, L., Diefenthaler, M., Ding, M., Ent, R., Frederico, T., Furletova, Y., Hobbs, T. J., Horn, T., Huber, G., Kay, S. J.D., Keppel, C. E., Huey-Wen, L., Mezrag, C., Montgomery, R., Pegg, I. L., Raya, K., Reimer, P. E., Richards, D. G., Roberts, C. D., Rodriguez-Quintero, J., Romanov, D., Salme, G., Satao, N., Segovia, J., Stepanov, P., Tadepalli, A. S., and Trotta, R. L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1361-6471
Published Online:07 April 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd
First Published:First published in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics 48(7): 075106
Publisher Policy:Reproduce in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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