Analysis of the unsteady thermal response of a Li-ion battery pack to dynamic loads

Saeed, A. , Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C. (2021) Analysis of the unsteady thermal response of a Li-ion battery pack to dynamic loads. Energy, 231, 120947. (doi: 10.1016/

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It is becoming increasingly apparent that wide application of electric vehicles (EVs) are subject to significant improvements in battery technology. Temperature sensitivity is a major issue adversely affecting battery performance and requiring a robust thermal control. Yet, this is challenged by the large variety of temporal scenarios though which heat is generated in a battery pack, demanding dynamic tools to predict the thermal evolution of batteries. Classical transfer functions provide a low-cost and effective predictive tool. However, they are limited to linear systems, while nonlinear predictive tools can become impractical for EV applications. Therefore, this study provides a methodology to assess the dynamics of battery cooling. This is achieved through conduction of high fidelity modelling of battery cooling exposed to different temporal disturbances on the internal heat generation. The results are then post-processed to evaluate the extent of linearity. A quantitative measure of non-linearity is further applied to clearly determine the degree of nonlinearity in the heat transfer response. It is shown that battery cooling system can be approximated as a linear dynamical system as long as the disturbances are of short duration and relatively low amplitude. Conversely, long and large amplitude temporal disturbances can render strongly nonlinear thermal responses.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Karimi, Dr Nader and Saeed, Mr Ali and Paul, Professor Manosh
Authors: Saeed, A., Karimi, N., and Paul, M. C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Energy
ISSN (Online):1873-6785
Published Online:18 May 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Energy 231: 120947
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
305200DTP 2018-19 University of GlasgowMary Beth KneafseyEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R513222/1MVLS - Graduate School